Company fined £1.2M despite only minor injuries resulting from West Thurrock explosion

A chemicals company has been fined £1.2m following an explosion at its site at West Thurrock.

Two workers suffered only minor injuries following the blast, which happened during the operation of the hydrochloric acid (HCl) burner on 26 September 2013, but the loud explosion was heard by people living in south Essex and north Kent.  There had a been a strong smell of chlorine after the incident, with residents initially advised to stay indoors, but the public were later reassured that there was no danger to the wider community.

Chelmsford Crown Court heard that the newly installed HCl burner being used by Industrial Chemicals Limited had only been used a handful of times when the explosion occurred. The plant site had been under construction for several months and was undergoing commissioning.

Of the two workers who were injured; one suffered a grazed knee from a breeze block dislodged from the wall of the control room and the other a minor caustic burn caused by a drip from the plant in the minutes following the explosion.  Five Fire engines from Essex Fire Brigade also attended the incident.

The explosion effectively destroyed a tank and displaced a scrubber column upwards and at an angle. An investigation by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE), acting as part of the COMAH competent authority, found that in an attempt to the address risks from chlorine, the company routed the vent gas containing mostly hydrogen through to the plant emergency scrubber where it was able to come into contact with oxygen or chlorine which found an ignition source and then exploded.

Industrial Chemicals Limited of Stoneness Road, West Thurrrock pleaded guilty to breaching Regulation 4 of the Control of Major Accident Hazards Regulations 1999, was fined £1.2 million and ordered to pay costs of £35,854.

Speaking after the hearing HSE inspector said:

“The investigation has shown that the potential for an explosive atmosphere had not been identified during the design, construction or commissioning of the plant. This incident could have been avoided if simple checks had been carried out.


“Duty holders should be aware that HSE will not hesitate to take appropriate enforcement action against those that fall below the require standard.”

A COMAH Prohibition Notice was served following this incident.

Author: Editorial Team

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